Events on SSMS 2012 in Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Greeting from symposium committees
On behalf of the Local Organizing Committee, we would like to extend our warmest welcome to all delegates participating in the 8th International Symposium on Social Management Systems (SSMS2012) in Kaohsiung, Taiwan from May 2nd to 4th , 2012.
Since the first symposium held in Japan in 2005, the symposium on social management systems has been one of the most important gatherings of researchers and professionals involved in the development of social management systems over the past years. It also has become an occasion where participants develop long-lasting friendships. It is a great pleasure that Society for Social Management Systems (SSMS) and Morakot Post-Disaster Reconstruction Council of Taiwan host this great event with the collaboration of many other sponsors. We are delighted to announce that more than 300 delegates from 12 countries will attend this international symposium and we are sure that this symposium will be a great platform for exchanging and sharing ideas, knowledge, and development of the social management systems, disaster prevention, disaster management and the post-disaster reconstruction management, and the related fields.
The program of this symposium consists of 2 keynote speeches, 5 invited lectures, 29 technical sessions including one special session on 311 Tohoku Earthquake. More than 166 papers will be presented. In addition, social programs and technical tours have been arranged for symposium delegates to experience the unique indigenous cultural and fusion of Taiwanese lifestyles and cuisine in this versatile and energetic city, Kaohsiung. May all have a wonderful and beneficial stay in Taiwan!
Tony C. Liu, Yin-Wen Chan
3rd May, 2012
Prof. Jenn- Chuan Chern, Deputy Minister of Public Construction, Commission of Executive Yuan, Taiwan and National Taiwan University, made an opening remarks.
Opening address from Prof. Hajime Okamura.
Professor Hajime Okamura delivered an opening address by expressing his gratitude toward all the participants who contributed to the 8th international symposium for Social Management Systems. He said the true success of the symposium always depends on the quality of contribution [read more]
Welcome address by an honorable guest, President Ma of Taiwan.
I am honored that I was invited here today to take part in this symposium. For the past two years, I have appeared in person at the symposiums held at the 1st and 2nd anniversary of post-Morakot reconstruction because disaster prevention and rescue is a matter of national scale. [read more]
Keynote Speech: By Prof. Gordon McBean (President-elect, International Council for Science (ICSU) and Director, Policy Studies, Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction, Western University, Canada)
Title: Taking an Integrated Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction
He insisted necessity for integrated, multi-disciplinary, science-based predictions for managing risks of extreme events and disasters due to climate change and global warming and outlined the integrated research on disaster risk addressing the challenge of natural and human-induced environmental hazards (IRDR), in which an integrated approach to research on disaster risk through: an international, multidisciplinary (natural, health, engineering and social sciences, including socioeconomic analysis) collaborative research program has been carried out. That is because increasing vulnerability, exposure, or severity and frequency of climate events has been increasing disaster risks. The objectives of the integrated research on disaster risk are (1) characterization of hazards, vulnerability and risk, (2) effective decision making in complex and changing risk contexts, and (3) reducing risk and curbing loses through knowledge-based actions. Process for reduction in risk and adaptation measures by combination of 5 components for were outlined: (1) knowledge, data, and tools, (2) risk assessments, (3) mainstreaming adaptation, (4) evaluation and monitoring, (5) raising of awareness and building of capacity.
Audients and environment in the International Hall where the keynote speech is being conducted.
Invited Lecture: By Dr. Chao-Han Liu Academician and Chair of International Center of Excellence (ICOE), Academia Sinica
Title: Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR), A New International Initiative in Disaster Research
He introduced domestic and international network of disaster reduction research and a variety of research programs. IRDR established in 2011 at Academia Sinica provides international network of disaster reduction research as well as promotes and coordinates interdisciplinary research on disaster risks. Their programs include capacity building, symposia, visitor program for scientists, and integrated research programs for strengthening the research capacity for disaster risks and building a partnership network of disaster reduction research.
Invited Lecture: By Prof. Akira Omoto (Tokyo Institute of Technology and Commissioner, Atomic Energy Commission of Japan)
Title: Accident of TEPCO’s Fukushima-Daiichi NPP
The Headquarter for Earthquake Research had alerted but had not correctly estimated the size of the source area (400km x 200km) nor the magnitude (M9) nor the amount of slip. Tsunami height of Fukushima Daiichi NPP (1F) was caused by peak coinciding of some wave sources and amplification.
TEPCO estimates no significant damage by earthquake. However, almost offsite power lines to 1F were inoperable by earthquake. Emergency diesel generator (EDG) and Isolation Condenser(IC)/ Reactor Core Isolation Cooling system (RCIC)/ High Pressure Coolant Injection system (HPCI) were started. [read more]
SSMS Outstanding Paper Award
Award ceremony for SSMS paper award was held on May 3rd, 2012 at the International hall on the 2nd floor of Ambassador Hotel Kaohsiung. The winners were selected among the authors who contributed their papers to SSMS2011 held in Sri Lanka last yaer. The winners were invited to SSMS2012 and joined the ceremony. They took commemorative photos with the president of SSMS, professor Jenn-Chuan Chern, and honorable president, professor Hajime Okamura.
Following is the winners of the outstanding paper awards:
1. Paper Title: Community Based Participation in Integrated Water Resources Development: Lessons Learned from case study of Rayong Province, Thailand Mr. Danai JAMPANIL, Prof. Sucharit KOONTANAKULVONG, Mr. Sak SAKULTHAI Water Resources Systems Research Unit, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
2. Paper Title: TOWARDS MANAGING DROUGHTS IN A CHANGING CLIMATE: A STUDY OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN WATERSHEDS Dr. Patricia Ann JARANILLA-SANCHEZ, Dr. Lei WANG and Prof. Toshio KOIKE University of Tokyo
3. Paper Title: AN APPROACH FOR SMALL COMMUNITY WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT USING CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS Mrs. Weerakoon G. M. P. R, Mr. Sasitharan R., Dr. Jinadasa K. B. S. N., Dr. Mowjood M.I.M. University of Peradeniya
4th May, 2012
Keynote Speech: By Prof. Emeritus Nobuo Shuto (Disaster Control Research Center, Tohoku University, Japan)
Title: A Short History of Tsunami Defense Work in Japan
He briefed important events of the Tsunami occurred in Japan history. Tsunami science has begun with the Meiji Great Sanriku Tsunami (1896). After the big tsunami, people moved to live on high area. However, after several ten years, the terrible events are forgotten, people (especially fishermen) moved back to live near the sea again because of the ease of sea accessing. He pointed that not only the height of tsunami that determine the degree of damage, but also the tsunami wave period that the longer one tends to cause more severe damage. To survive from the tsunami attack, he suggested to do ones best under a given situation and do not need to stick to the rule since no one knows better your situation than yourself. The importance thing is to trying to be a leader of your evacuation. Continuation of wisdom from generation to generation is the most importance to protect our descendants.
Invited Lecture: By Dr. Jenn-Chuan Chern (President of SSMS and Minister of Public Construction Commission, Taiwan)
Title: An Innovative Approach for Post-Disaster Reconstruction of Typhoon Morakot in Taiwan
He outlined efficient and rapid reconstruction from the damage due to Typhoon Morakot in August 2009 in southern part of Taiwan with 699 deaths or missing. The features of the reconstruction are summarized as follows: (1) Efficiency, respect, and innovation, (2) NGOs joining for homeland reconstruction, (3) Industries and NGOs joining for industry reconstruction, (3) Simultaneous prevention and relief efforts for reconstruction. For example, over 90% of the planned housings (over three thousand) have been completed for the relocation of the refugees within two years after the disaster. They are provided free. That is because only permanent houses been constructed instead of temporary housing for saving time and cost and private sectors and NGOs have initiative for the construction. The refugees have also been provided with new job opportunities guaranteed by enterprises such as organic farms. It is not just reconstruction but can be called “Reborn” by sustainability.
Invited Lecture: By Dr. Ir. Idwan Suhardi (Deputy Minister Ministry of Research and Technology, Indonesia)
Title: The Influence of Tsunami 2004 and 2011 to Tsunami Early Warning System in Indonesia
By the experiences of earthquakes and Tsunami in Indonesia, Indonesian tsunami early warning system (Ina-TEWS) was developed under 15 departments and 6 countries. The system is not established only in structure such as installation equipment for provide early warning, but also in culture viewpoint to make sure that warning received and responded by all people at risk. The structure measure needs update high technology, for example, broadband seismic and accelerometer; tide gauges; location GPS; and Indonesian tsunami buoy. At the same time, culture part needs integration of science technology with local wisdom, for example, (1) Secure equipment disaster detection; (2) Prepare risk map and rescue scenario; (3) Prepare evacuation route map; (4) Build Evacuation sign board; (5) Build Crisis Center; (6) Do tsunami-drill; (7) Build Tsunami Siren; (8) Built escape building/tsunami shelter (horizontal and vertical); (9) Integrate disaster risk reduction in decision making (planning, development); and (10) Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in education and school curriculum.
Nowadays, Indonesia prepares Endorsement for Disaster Risk Reduction Master Planning for Tsunami (DRRMP), integrating phenomena, physical, socio and technology. Then they prepare the development of tsunami shelter: vertical evacuation as part of DRRMP Implementation. The target regions consist of 4 coastal regions (Tsunami Prone Region): West Coast of Sumatera, Sunda Straits, Southern Coast of Bali Lombok, and North Papua. The target activities in next 2 years are as follow; (1) develop city and regional DRRMP at the focus regions; (2) build tsunami shelter: vertical evacuation at the focus area; (3) review and refine the policy on disaster risk reduction countermeasures on tsunami, using a Holistic tool; and (4) review and exercise the SOP for tsunami drill.
Invited Lecture: By Dr. Richard A. Anthes President Emeritus University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, USA)
Title: Applications of Satellite information to typhoon prediction and warnings and a look forward to FORMOSAT 7/COSMIC-2
In this presentation, Dr. Richard introduced how satellite observation provided great benefit to weather forecasting and society especially for tropical cyclones and heavy rainfall, regarding radio occultation (RO) technique and the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC program. He has mentioned an interest in RO which has established itself as a high-accuracy, high vertical resolution, and low-cost global observing system. RO data provided valuable information on temperature and water moisture that was important to tropical cyclone intensity forecasts. Dr. Richard presentation gave an insight into the FORMOSAT 3/COSMIC program which was an international collaboration between Taiwan and the United States for using a constellation of six remote sensing microsatellites to collect atmospheric data for weather prediction and for ionosphere, climate and gravity research. The FORMOSAT 3/COSMIC has been proven to increase the accuracy of the predictions of hurricane behavior and make major contribution to space weather. Responding to the FORMOSAT 3/COSMIC , Dr. Richard introduced the FORMOSAT 7/COSMIC-2 program which resulted in advance improvements on impact over the FORMOSAT 3/COSMIC for much greater impact on science and operational forecasting, including tropical cyclones and heavy rainfall.
Panel Discussion: By
Prof. Seigo Nasu (Kochi University and Technology)
Prof. Sucharit Koontanakulvong (Chulalongkorn University, Thailand)
Dr. Liang-Chun Chen (Director, National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction, Taiwan)
Prof. Arnold Dix (lawyer, scientist and professor of population mental health and disasters at Western Sydney University)
Four plenary speeches by the panelists and chairperson followed by discussion:
Chairperson: Prof. Seigo Nasu, Kochi University and Technology, Japan outlined four factors for disaster management: (1) prevention, (2) preparation, (3) damage reduction, (4) post-disaster operation and recovery. Necessity for discussion on system and leadership for disaster management were insisted for implementing the outstanding management skills.
Prof. Sucharit lectured on “Integrated Regional Development and Disaster Management,” in which management against the latest flood in Thailand in 2011 was outlined and lessons learned (1) Flood prediction, warning and fighting systems, (2) Facilities maintenance, (3) Social and political involvement, (4) Self help, and (5) Volunteership were outlined.
Dr. Chen lectured on “Stories of Recovery at Community Level in Taiwan,” in which necessity for public-private partnership was recognized to be so important for post-recovery in a modern society through the recent two cases: Chi-Chi Earthquake in 1999 and Typhoon Morakot in 2009. Roles of private sector were outlined for each phase: (1) Emergency relief in emergency response phase, (2) Transitional relocation in quick recovery phase, and (3) Recovery in long-term recovery phase. Importance and complexity of recovery were explained.
Prof. Dixlectured on “Mental Health and Disasters,” in which necessity for mental health in disaster response and reconstruction was insisted in terms of people’s benefits of living within a social network. After the speeches, leadership and education for disaster management and mental cares were discussed. Necessity for integration of each knowledge and experience was insisted.
Discussions among presenters and the audience (Mr. Pak Tabrani, Disaster Management Senior Advisor to the Chief of the National Agency for Disaster Management of Indonesia).
Discussions among presenters and the audience (Prof. Shunji Kusayanagi, Kochi University of Technology).
Closing remark by president Chern.
The next SSMS symposium (SSMS2013) will be held in Sydney
Environments in the general parallel session
The banquet night after the symposium closing. Wonderful meals and fantastic performance shows.
Welcome speech from Mr. Cheng the deputy mayor of Kaohsiung city, Taiwan
Kaohsiung city deputy mayor, Mr. Cheng(陳 啓昱）said he is honor to be there on behalf of mayor of Kaohsiung, and 2.77 billion Kaohsiung citizens. He also expressed his hearty welcome to all the SSMS participants from home and abroad and gratitude for all the effort made by public sectors and private sectors to reconstruct the disaster afflicted areas. He introduced Kaohsiung city’s new approach to disaster prevention and education program for citizens by learning from the experience when Typhoon Morakot hits Kaohsiung. The city conducted 96 disaster-drills and created the opportunities for the citizens to be prepared for the possible mega-disasters in the future. He emphasis it is important for citizens to know pay more attention to the weather forecast and have ability to obtain necessary resources to protect themselves from the disasters so that the city can avoid any loss of human life and assets. In 2013, Kohsiung has a plan to host Asian city summit. They will be discussing issues including the economy, environment and culture with all Asian pacific cities. From the views points of urban management strategy, they would like to utilizes the collective power of all of Asia pacific region and search for the common interest of the countries.
President Taketo Sakuma’s Speech at the banquet night
KUT president Taketo Sakuma made a speech at the banquet held on May 4th, 2012. He expressed his gratitude for all the arrangement and great support by Morakot Post-Disaster Reconstruction Council Taiwan, Taiwan Construction Research Institute (TCRI), Department of Civil Engineering of National Taiwan University. Public Construction Commission, Taiwan and all the other supporters. In his speech he mentioned the strong connection between Taiwan and KUT by introducing the former vice minister of transportation and communication of Taiwan Dr. Chou Lie-Liung who used to be KUT’s professor and the current minister of Taiwan, Yang Qiu Xing who is a doctor candidate of KUT. He also commented on the brief history and achievement of Society for Social Management Systems and its previous symposiums inside Japan and overseas. As a president of Kochi University of Technology, he promised that he will continue financial support for SSMS in the future. At the end of his speech, SSMS president, Professor Jenn-Chuan Chern and he exchanged the presents prepared by both side, and confirmed their future cooperation and continuous effort for this academic field.
Entertainment for a banquet performed by 2 indigenous groups
Shanlin Da-Ai Community traditional artistic group performed their aboriginal dancing with powerful and dynamic voice and all the audience was taken with their power of expression and soak up the atmosphere of their spirituality.
The second entertainment for the banquet was performed by an Aboriginal children’s choir of Tai-Wu elementary school which is located in southern Taiwan’s Pingtung County. They sang beautiful aboriginal songs. The lyrics in the ancient melodies often portray the tribe’s mythology, artistry and outlook on their life, The aboriginal people explained that by learning the tunes, children are given chances to “know who they really are and where they came from.” They all wear beautiful traditional outfits and accessories and created
Both performers draw applause from the fascinated audience at the banquet.
5th May, 2012
Technical tour to Rinari Community: Rinari permanent housing site in Maja farm is situated in Ailiao section, Neipu Township in Pingtung Country. The construction project commenced on 18 March, 2010, and the ceremony to celebrate moving in by the residents was held on 25 December in the same year. Rinari permanent housing base aims to settle 336 flood-stricken families. In order to maintain the integral organization of the indigenous society and the legacies of their cultures, NGO-Built Permanent Housing Scheme for Indigenous Tribes was drawn up to help settle down an additional number of 147 families. Rinari was designed to be a sustainable homeland with the goals of cultural heritage preservation, environmental protection, and calamities precaution or reduction.
Technical tour to Changzhi Baihe Community: Changzhi Baihe Permanent Housing Site located in Changzhi Township, Pingtung Country. Construction for 164 units of permanent housing was pledged by the Tzu-Chi Foundation and completed in August 6, 2010. An additional 106 units have been pledge by the Taiwan Red Cross Society and the Taiwan Presbyterian Church. The occupants of Chanzhi Baihe community are Rukai tribe that damaged severely by Typhoon Morakot. Planned for the site are a town hall, elementary school, health clinic, multi-purpose meeting center and production & marketing center.
Technical tour to Wulaluzi Community: The Wulaluzi Permanent Housing Community is located in Wanluan Township, Pingtung Country. The Executive Yuan’s Council of Indigenous People provided funding subsidization for the site’s fundamental public infrastructure, while the Ministry of Interior; s Construction and Planning Agency was responsible for construction implementation. Planned facilities include an activity center, a coffee industry center for promoting fine coffee planted in Taiwu, and exhibition space for Taiwu’s Paiwan traditional culture. Taiwu Elementary School in Wulaluzi community is famous for its folk choir singing traditional song with Paiwan native language, and the choir was invited to perform in US, France Japan and many other countries.
Technical tour to Shanlin Da-Ai Community: Permanent housing site at Yeu-mei Farm with 1,006 households is located on the Yeu-mei section in Shanlin District, Kaohsiung City. Tzu Chi Foundation began the application process of land-claiming on 7 September, 2009 and was granted construction permits by the government on 29 October in the same year. 756 units of permanent housing have been completed in the first phase, and 250 units more, has been completed on 2 October, 2011. Shanlin Da-Ai Community took into consideration the spiritual livelihood, learning, employment, cultural and religious needs. Tzu Chi Foundation also supported in establishing Ming-tzu elementary school in the Community.
Handcraft house in Da-Ai Community. She is making beautiful glass bead accessories.
Technical tour to Yonglin Organic farm: Yonglin Organic farm is situated in the Shanlin District in Kaohsiung City and next to the Da Ai permanent housing site. The land was on lease by government to meet the need of those requiring settlement after Morakot Typhoon struck Taiwan. Yonglin Foundation took charge of initial planning, construction, personnel training, production operation and product sales. As soon as the farm’s is in full swing, Yonglin Foundation will then provide guidance in assisting residents to establish farmer economic organizations. Flood-stricken victims and residents of Da Ai and Xiaolin villages are employed in the farm with priority.
Technical tour to Wulipu Xiaolin Community and Pingpu Cultural Area: The Wulipu Xiaolin permanent housing site in Xiaolin covers 90 households from previous Xiaolin Village in Kaohsiung Country. Construction commenced on March 16, 2010 and was completed on January 15, 2011. In addition to using green building techniques such as energy-saving, natural lighting, natural ventilation and water-permeable paving, the villagers’ spiritual centers such as the Beiji Temple and Pingpu meeting house were also incorporated into the design as well. The Dharma Drum Foundation also donated an activity center for the community.