Panel Discussion on Redefining the Role and Responsibility of Social Management Systems”How Sciences and Engineering should contribute for the Society?”
Science for Social Management Systems has been evolving to seek for the solution of the societal issues. We know the importance of Social Management Systems and each researcher has been working on their own scientific fields and some of them have been trying to integrate sciences for the practical solution.
Each specific research field has to contribute to the integrated Social Management System, and Social Management System has to integrate or utilize each specific research, and we always have to be aware of the mutual contributions. But the question is “Who” is going to solve societal issues and “How” with the philosophy of Social Management Systems.
Four speakers of various scientific fields presented their opinions on this issue, and we reached to a common understanding, that integration of various aspects and education of those who can do these activities is important not only scientifically but societally.
We also reached to the importance that integration of sciences and integration of activities is essential because the real world is the complex combination of various phenomena. Especially if we take a look at the recent disasters management and their recovery, it is not an easy work to do that and we have to work on understanding and integration of various aspects regarding on society, culture, industries etc. to overcome the inevitable societal complexity.
Speaker: Prof. Shunji KUSAYANAGI,
Professor of Infrastructure Systems Engineering,
Kochi University of Technology, Japan
Title: The Problems can be seen in the East Japan Disaster
Necessary Philosophy of Disaster Management system was introduced. It ought to be considered whole process starting from the evacuation activates, rescuer activates, activates for recovering living conditions and the reconstruction activates for setting up the measure devised to deal with the disaster. In addition to that, the planning must be done with not only pure scientific approach but also engineering approach as well. A plan for the recovery of living conditions is necessary before move to setting up the disaster prevention plan.
Civil engineers were supposed to function as a coordinator of disaster management and recovery planning as well as its execution. They used to and are supposed to utilize any kind of science and technology as their tools to solve issues from wide viewpoint, and methodology or philosophy to integrate and coordinate them should be still one of the most important aspect of engineering education.
Speaker: Prof. Jenn-Chuan Chern,
Deputy CEO,Morakot Post‐Disaster Reconstruction Council
Deputy Minister, Public Construction Commission, Executive Yuan
,Republic of China
Title: Post-Disaster Reconstruction in Taiwan
Within a very short period of one and a half year, Sothern Taiwan has already recovered significantly from the damage of Morakot Typhoon which caused a huge damage in Gaoshung Prefecture in Taiwan. Reconstruction is accomplished not only physically but societally and economically. This is a World Model on Reconstruction with a join efforts of Government and NGO, Charity Organization, and Industry, regardless of Races and Political Parties, and with the own efforts of refugees after the Disaster.
The excellent reconstruction can be seen by just looking at Relocation Principles of the government such as “moving within the village”, “moving within the township”, “move to the nearest proper location”, “providing free house for permanent stay”.
In order to do this, we need a person who is able to observe whole aspects of the damages and recoveries as well as strong top management ability. He also has to make a well-organized body which consists of government, NPO, private companies, and a well-organized government itself.
Speaker: Prof. Osamu TOMISAWA,
Professor of School of Management, Kochi University of Technology
Title: Business creation & Regional revitalization, Concept of entrepreneur engineering
Business creation and regional revitalization is crucial at the regions where suffering from aging population and declining economy as well as the area like East Japan. As well as Disaster Management, Business Creation is a highly integrated system.
Concept of Entrepreneur Engineering consists of Social System Components & Management and Product-Evolution Process (cornucopia). Methodology provided by entrepreneur engineering guides us through Growth process steps such as Creativity, Direction, Delegation, Coordination, and Collaboration. It also lifts us from knowledge plane to product plane and to business plane by creating economic value.
The key ward of Entrepreneur Engineering is Integration, Multi-discipline, Engineering & management, which are the same of Social Management Systems.
Speaker: Prof. Ananda Jayawardane,
Professor, University of Moratuwa and President, Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka
Title: Integrating Social Management Concepts in to Engineering Education
Different countries have varying degrees of emphasis on Social Management Systems depending on their own circumstances and problems. Governments cannot effectively solve all social management problems because it might not have Good Social Management Systems, Good Social Management Infrastructure, Good/suitable Technology Experts to advice.
Engineers are in the forefront in providing solutions to issues and challenges in social management issues because engineers are Nations builders, Designers/innovators for challenging problems, Logical thinkers, and Problem solvers. The solutions to current social management issues are challenging and in future they will be increasingly challenging because of Massive and complex infrastructure, Concentrated population, Increasing disasters both frequency and impact, Global warming, Depletion of natural resources, New lifestyle of people.
We need to produce engineers who can provide engineering interventions to these challenging social issues, who is able to holistically understand social management issues, to see the big picture, to be creative in designing innovative interventions, and to act logically to the needs rather than by the rule book. University of Moratuwa has appropriate curricula and syllabi to suit the accreditation needs, social management needs and needs of individual countries and industries, by mapping of graduate attributes to program design and module design, by designing module syllabi, by delivering assessment methods to achieve module outcomes, by introducing flexibility in to the curriculum to pursue additional social management expertise, by enhancing innovativeness and entrepreneurship, by transforming from input based education to outcome based education, and by developing expertise to fill these gaps.